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Walsh System notes: Forcing Notrump – by Rhoda Walsh (4)

Posted on 20 July 2011

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Annotations by Rhoda Walsh on the 1 Notrump game forcing  response in the “2 over 1 game forcing system” (Walsh System).  We publish here the paragraphs 2 and 3 of Chapter Three. The Chapter Three is devoted to Responder’s Rebids. These are the points Rhoda explains us today: §2. Opener Rebids 2 after a 1♠ opening bid;§3. Opener Rebids two of her Opening Bid Major.

Walsh System Notes

 

 Forcing Notrump

 

 

Chapter III Responder’s Rebids.

 

 §2. Opener Rebids 2 after a 1♠ opening bid:1♠-1NT; 2. 12-17 HCP; four or more hearts; nonforcing

 

Pass by Responder: 1♠-1NT; 2-Pass. A strong preference for hearts. 6 to 7 PSP. Responder passes (i.e., prefers hearts), holding zero to three spades and four or more hearts; or zero or one spade and three or more hearts. Responder prefers spades holding two or three spades and fewer than four hearts.

2♠ by Responder. Responder’s delayed raise, 1♠-1NT; 2-2♠, shows one of two types of hands.

- A non-constructive single raise: Three or four card support for Opener’s major. 6 to 7 PSP. Denies four or more hearts. Nonforcing.

- A preference: Two spades. 6 to 9 HCP. Denies four or more hearts. Nonforcing.

Opener’s rebids:

- Holding a minimum opening bid (11 to 15 HCP), Opener passes: 1♠-1NT; 2-2♠; Pass.

- Holding extra values (16 to 17 HCP): With a balanced hand (i.e., 5-4-2-2), Opener rebids 2NT, game invitational. With a distributional hand:

a) Holding only five cards in spades and only four cards in hearts: Opener rebids a three or four card minor: 1♠-1NT; 2-2♠; 3♣/3). Game invitational.

b) Holding a six card spade suit: Opener raises to three of her own major: 1♠-1NT; 2-2♠; 3♠.

Note: This sequence guarantees a six card spade suit inasmuch as Responder may have only two cards in Opener’s major.

c) Holding a five card heart suit: Opener rebids 3. Game invitational. Nonforcing.

2NT by Responder:1♠-1NT; 2-2NT. 10 to 12 HCP. Game invitational. Denies three or more spades and denies four or more hearts. Does not promise stoppers in both minors. Responder may have a singleton in one of Opener’s majors or a six card minor.

Note: Holding a six card minor, Responder’s high card point requirement is reduced to 9 to 11 HCP.

Opener’s rebids:

- Holding a minimum opening bid (11 to 13 HCP), Opener passes: 1♠-1NT; 2-2NT; Pass. Rationale: Any rebid by Opener is forcing.

- Holding extra values (14 to 17 HCP):

a) With a six card spade suit: Opener rebids spades at the three level: 1♠-1NT; 2-2NT; 3♠. Game forcing.

b) With a five or more card heart suit: Opener rebids hearts at the three level. Forcing to 3NT or four of a major.

c) With 5-4-3-1 or 5-4-[4]-[0] distribution: Opener bids her three card minor at the three level: 1♠-1NT; 2-2NT; 3♣/3. Forcing to 3NT or four of any suit. Rationale: To warn Responder of a singleton or void in the unbid suit.

Three of a minor by Responder:1♠-1NT; 2-3♣/3. Six or more card minor. 6 to 9 HCP. Denies a three or more card spade fit. Denies a four or more card heart fit. Nonforward-going. Note: Holding a six card minor and 10 to 11 HCP, Responder rebids 2NT, not three of her minor

Opener’s rebids: Opener uses discretion in bidding further, inasmuch as Responder is quite limited. With strong extra values, Opener either rebids a six card spade suit (forcing), a five card heart suit (forcing), 3NT (signoff), bids the other minor (fourth suit forcing) if needing a stopper for notrump in the unbid minor and the bid is available at the three level, or raises Responder’s minor to the four (invitational) or five (signoff) level.

3 by Responder:1♠-1NT; 2-3. Four or more hearts. 8 to 12 PSP. Does not deny three spades. Game invitational.

Opener’s rebids: With a minimum opening bid (12 to bad 14 PSP), Opener passes. With extra values (good 14+ PSP), Opener raises to game in hearts.

3♠ by Responder. Delayed limit raise: 1♠-1NT; 2-3♠. Three card spade fit. 10 to 12 PSP. Denies four or more hearts. Game invitational.

Opener’s rebids. With a minimum opening bid (12 to 13 PSP), Opener passes. With extra values (14+ PSP), Opener raises to game in spades.

3NT by Responder:1♠-1NT; 2-3NT. A balanced 13 to 14 HCP. Denies three or more spades. Denies four or more hearts. Does not promise stoppers in both minors. Nonforcing.

Note: inasmuch as we systemically use an immediate 2NT response to partner’s one of a major opening bid as a Jacoby 2NT bid, the standard 2NT response showing a balanced 13 to 14 HCP is unavailable. Therefore, we utilize this Forcing Notrump sequence to show that hand.

Opener’s rebids:

a) Lacking slam interest: Opener either passes, rebids a six card major at the four level (signoff), or rebids a five card heart suit at the four level (nonforcing).

b) With slam interest: Opener either rebids 4NT, quantitative (i.e., invitational in notrump) or 5♣, RKCSG (Roman Keycard Super Gerber) in hearts (the last naturally bid suit), depending on her strength and distribution.

4♣ (or 4) by Responder:1♠-1NT; 2-4♣/4. Splinter in clubs (or diamonds) in support of hearts. Four or more hearts. 13+ PSP.

Opener’s rebids: typically, Opener will rebid 4, signoff. However, with the appropriate hand, she may cue bid up-the-line or use RKCB in hearts.

4 by Responder. Four or more hearts. 13+ PSP. Denies a side singleton or void. Nonforcing.

Opener’s rebids: typically, Opener will pass. However, with the appropriate hand, she may cue bid up-the-line or use RKCB in hearts.

 

 

III. §3. Opener Rebids two of her Opening Bid Major: 1/1♠-1NT; 2/2♠ 11 to 14 HCP; six or more card suit; nonforcing

 

-Pass by Responder. Zero to three card fit for Opener’s major. 6 to 10 HCP. No game interest.

2♠ by Responder (after a 1 opening bid).Western Cuebid: 1-1NT; 2-2♠. Asks for spade stopper. Shows 10 to 12 HCP lacking a spade stopper. Denies Qx or better. May have a six card minor. Forcing to 2NT. Game invitational.

Opener’s rebids:

a) Lacking a spade stopper: Opener makes the most appropriate rebid available, other than in notrump. Nonforcing.

b) Holding a partial spade stopper and a maximum 2: Opener rebids 3♠. Forcing to 3NT or four of a minor.

c) Holding a full spade stopper: Opener rebids 2NT with a minimum and 3NT with a maximum. Signoff.

Neapolitan Club Note. The matter of stoppers, Western Cue Bid and Eastern Cue Bid, has been treated by Neapolitan Club in two articles:

A new treatment of Take-Out doube (open >>)

The No Trump dictionary: a linguistic problem (open>>)

2NT by Responder:1/♠-1NT; 2/♠-2NT. 10 to 12 HCP. Denies Qx or better in Opener’s major. Does not promise stoppers in all unbid suits. Game invitational. After a 1 opening bid and rebid, a 2NT rebid by Responder shows a spade stopper. Responder may have a singleton in Opener’s major, or a six card minor.

Opener’s rebids: Holding a minimum opening bid (11 to 13 HCP), Opener passes. Holding an excellent six card major, Opener may choose to rebid her major at the three level. Nonforcing. Holding extra values (14 to 15 HCP), Opener typically raises to 3NT.

Three of a minor by Responder:1/1♠-1NT; 2/2♠-3♣/3. Six or more card minor. 6 to 9 HCP. Denies any two or more card fit for Opener’s major. Signoff.

Note:Holding a six card minor and 10 to 11 HCP, Responder rebids 2NT, not three of her minor.

Opener’s rebids: Opener is expected to pass inasmuch as both she and Responder are limited. Opener may pass Responder’s minor suit rebid with a singleton in the minor.

3 by Responder (after a 1♠ opening bid and a 2♠ rebid): 1♠-1NT; 2♠-3. Six or more hearts. 9 to 11 HCP. Denies any two or more spades. Game invitational.

Opener’s rebids: With a minimum opening bid (11 to 13 PSP or HCP), Opener passes. With extra values:

a) Holding Qx or better and 14+ PSP, Opener raises to 4. Signoff.

b) Lacking Qx or better and holding 14 to 15 HCP: Opener rebids a fine six card spade suit at the three (nonforcing) or four level (signoff), or 3NT (signoff).

Note:If it appears most appropriate, Opener may raise to 4 on less than Qx.

Three of Opener’s major by Responder: 1/1♠-1NT; 2/2♠-3/3♠. A two card fit for Opener’s major. 10 to 12 PSP. Game invitational.

Opener’s rebids: with a minimum opening bid (12 to 13 PSP), Opener passes. With extra values (14+ PSP), Opener raises to game in her major

3NT by Responder:1/1♠-1NT; 2/2♠-3NT. 13 to 14 HCP. Denies Qx or better in Opener’s major. Does not promise stoppers in all unbid suits. Nonforcing. Responder may have a singleton in Opener’s major, if 4-4-4-1.

Opener’s rebids : Opener either passes or rebids a fine six card major at the four level (signoff).

4♣ or 4 by Responder: 1-1NT; 2-4♣/4. Splinter in clubs ([diamonds) in support of Opener’s major. 9 to 11 HCP. Three trumps. Game forcing.

Opener’s rebids: Typically, Opener will rebid game in her major. However, with the appropriate hand, she may cue bid up-the-line or use RKCB.

Four of Opener's major by Responder. E.g.: 1-1NT; 2-4♥. Responder’s four level raise shows one of two types of hands:

a) A delayed limit raise: Three card support for Opener's major. 10 to 12 PSP. Signoff.

b) Honor doubleton (Qx+) fit for Opener's major. 13 PSP. Signoff.

Opener’s rebids: inasmuch as both Opener and Responder are limited, Opener passes.

4 by Responder (after a 1 ♠ opening bid and a 2♠ rebid): 1♠-1NT; 2♠-4. Seven or more hearts. Natural. Preemptive in nature. Denies any two or more spades. Signoff.

***

by Rhoda Walsh for Neapolitan Club (Edited by Paolo Enrico Garrisi)

 

 

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